Impact of Globalization on Women Essay - Paper Example Impact of Globalization on Women Essay Globalization is the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy - Impact of Globalization on Women Essay introduction.
A Critical Assessment Wednesday 13 Mayby Bharti Chhibber Globalisation is a process of increasing interdependence, interconnectedness and integration of economies and societies to such an extent that an event in one part of the globe affects people in other parts of world.
We have often heard of global culture and integration of the world economy. However, as this process is not consistent throughout the world, it leads to conflict and fragmentation. Globalisation affects different groups of women in different places in different ways.
On the one hand it may create new opportunities for women to be forerunners in economic and social progress. With the advent of global communication networks and cross-cultural exchange there seems to be a change in the status of women albeit not to a very large extent. However, globalisation has indeed promoted ideas and norms of equality for women that have brought about an awareness and acted as a catalyst in their struggle for equitable rights and opportunities.
On the other hand it may exacerbate gender inequality in a patriarchal society, especially in the developing world. In the economic realm it may lead to further marginalisation of women in the informal labour sector or impoverishment through loss of traditional sources of income.
Gender equality is critical to the development process. The process of globalisation may have resulted in new avenues of growth, but due to unequal distribution of its benefits women have been adversely affected in many cases.
It calls for creating opportunities for women to be part of this development process. Merely enacting legislation will not help. What is required is its proper implementation. The process of globalisation must be reshaped so that it is more people-centred instead of profit-centred and more accountable to women.
Women have entered the workforce in large numbers in states that have embraced liberal economic policies. This has resulted in further marginalisation of rural and indigenous women. Already the roles of international institutions like the Inter-national Monetary Fund, World Bank during the East Asian crisis were highly criticised.
Similarly, the activities of transnational corporations should be regulated. They should be made accountable in terms of their practices in resource exploitation, production, marketing and labour relations.
Globalisation has had adverse effects on women especially in the developing countries. As consumers, women are increasingly facing a consumer culture which reduces them to commodities and as producers, women are exposed to work exploitation and occupational hazards.
Owing to their many roles, as would-be mothers, as mothers responsible for the health of their children and families, as working women at home and outside they are major consumers of healthcare products.
Transnational Corporations TNCs see the developing world as a convenient dumping ground for these products and medicines. Of late many TNCs have located some of their manufacturing plants and industries in the developing countries due to the easy availability of cheap labour.
As producers also women have to suffer exploitation in terms of low wages, poor working environment, instability of employment, and denial of right to representation. This calls for networking among women and other groups affected by globalisation and undertaking joint campaigns on common concerns.
Women have to work for self-empowerment through engagement in action at multiple levels. Various international agencies are also working in this direction. As the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation underscores, globalisation is a multidimensional process of economic, political, cultural, and ideological change.
On the other hand, aspects of globalisation have provided women with increasing opportunities to work in solidarity at regional, national and international levels to demand their rights.
However, limited concerns about public welfare have always been under global capitalism, the extension of the market economy to virtually every remote atoll or mountain village has revealed the ties governments have to multinational corporations.
Neoliberalism, the most recent form of global capitalism, has confronted notions of the public good with plans for privatisation of all productive resources.
This thinking reflects the traditional Western concept which views the problem of food security and starvation in Malthusian terms; rising populations overtake food availability, shortages occur. That involves economics, politics and even law.
Starvations and malnutrition are related ultimately to ownership and exchange in addition to production possibility. This calls for direct interventions so as not to marginalise a very important section of society in the race for economic development and empowerment.
Third World Foundation,p.of globalization’s ability to greatly benefit women in the internationalization of the movement for gender equality, and the legal structure that supports this goal and recognizes women’s rights as .
Women are still struggling for equal treatment in many countries. Whether it is access to healthcare, education, the labor market or political rights, women often receive less of a share than men. And yet, women make vital contributions to society that men often take no part in.
Our Globalist Factsheet takes a closer look at women around the world. 1 1. Introduction In spite of the big push which globalization offered in the last two decades to the participation of women in the market economy, it led on the other hand to deepening gender inequalities within and between countries.
With Women in Localization, she is responsible for managing the marketing committee and rebuilt the Women in Localization brand and logo in She is an active corporate philanthropist, raising money for causes that promote sustainable economic development.
of globalization’s ability to greatly benefit women in the internationalization of the movement for gender equality, and the legal structure that supports this goal and recognizes women’s rights as basic human rights.
Women are still struggling for equal treatment in many countries. Whether it is access to healthcare, education, the labor market or political rights, women often receive less of a share than men. And yet, women make vital contributions to society that men often take no part in. Our Globalist.