The perceived causes of tuberculosis and

Scanning electron micrograph of M. In nature, the bacterium can grow only within the cells of a host organism, but M.

The perceived causes of tuberculosis and

Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed. It is caused by a bacterial microorganism, the tubercle bacillus or Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although TB can be treated, cured, and can be prevented if persons at risk take certain drugs, scientists have never come close to wiping it out.

Few diseases have caused so much distressing illness for centuries and claimed so many lives.

Summary | Tuberculosis in the Workplace | The National Academies Press

Description Overview Tuberculosis was popularly known as consumption for a long time. Scientists know it as an infection caused by M. Inthe microbiologist Robert Koch discovered the tubercle bacillus, at a time when one of every seven deaths in Europe was caused by TB.

Because antibiotics were unknown, the only means of controlling the spread of infection was to isolate patients in private sanitoria or hospitals limited to patients with TB—a practice that continues to this day in many countries. The net effect of this pattern of treatment was to separate the study of tuberculosis from mainstream medicine.

Entire organizations were set up to study not only the disease as it affected individual patients, but its impact on the society as a whole. By there were more than TB hospitals in this country.

Tuberculosis spread much more widely in Europe when the industrial revolution began in the late nineteenth century. The disease became widespread somewhat later in the United Statesbecause the movement of the population to large cities made overcrowded housing so common.

When streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective against M. Although other more effective anti-tuberculosis drugs were developed in the following decades, the number of cases of TB in the United States began to rise again in the mids.

The perceived causes of tuberculosis and

This upsurge was in part again a result of overcrowding and unsanitary conditions in the poor areas of large cities, prisons, and homeless shelters.

Infected visitors and immigrants to the United Stateshave also contributed to the resurgence of TB. An additional factor is the AIDS epidemic. AIDS patients are much more likely to develop tuberculosis because of their weakened immune systems. There still are an estimated million new cases of TB each year worldwide, causing roughly 3 million deaths.

Tuberculosis is more common in elderly persons.

Diagnosis and treatment

More than one-fourth of the nearly 23, cases of TB reported in the United States in developed in people above age Many elderly patients developed the infection some years ago when the disease was more widespread.

There are additional reasons for the vulnerability of older people:SETTING: In Morocco, tuberculosis (TB) treatment default is increasing in some urban areas.

The perceived causes of tuberculosis and

OBJECTIVE: To provide a detailed description of factors that contribute to patient default and solutions from the point of view of health care professionals who participate in TB care. Tuberculosis - Statistics & Facts Tuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs, but can potentially spread to other areas of the body, including the brain and spine.

Context: Tuberculosis is a disease of global public health concern. Knowledge about Cause, Mode of transmission, Duration of treatment among TB/MDR-TB patient is utmost important. Perceptions of tuberculosis and health seeking behaviour in rural Inner Mongolia, Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death in China, M.

Tanner, et seeking and perceived causes of tuberculosis among patients in Manila, Philippines. Trop Med Int Health, 5. Causes of stigma and discrimination associated with tuberculosis in Nepal: A qualitative study perceived links between TB and other causes of discrimination, particularly poverty and low caste.

The biosynthesis of tryptophan in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is initiated by the transformation of chorismate to anthranilate, catalysed by anthranilate synthase (TrpE/TrpG). Perceived causes and risk factors of Buruli ulcer among patients at Agogo Presbyterian hospital in Ashanti Region of Ghana.

Tuberculosis - Statistics & Facts | Statista