Sir Robert Peel was in the great tradition of 19th-century administrative reformers. Though not a doctrinaire, he drew on the most advanced thinking of his day in his reform of British criminal lawthe prisons, the police, and fiscal and economic policies.
Queen Mary University of London Citation: Can any one, without horror, foresee the reading of his memoirs? Peel, Gaunt concludes, was an extremely ambitious man both for himself and for his subsequent place in history. The effect on his legacy has been enduring. Though Peel was hardly the only statesman to make significant changes of policy, his malleability has been the starting point for almost all subsequent analysis.
Peel, he suggests, was at least as complex a character as those who succeeded him, though his mental life has been less rigorously explored. This is a challenging project and two reservations might be registered at the outset.
Peel was morbidly sensitive to any slight upon his integrity and devoted considerable energy to the defence of his consistency. This is difficult to prove, and raises some important questions.
Did Peel act according to his judgement at the time, and assume that posterity would agree with him, or did a concern for posterity make him act in particular ways, distinct from contemporary pressures? It is, however, much harder to access.
Peel was a notoriously private man and our resources for his inner life are sparse. He left no diary, like Gladstone, and wrote no novels, like Disraeli; nor did he show much penchant for philosophical reflection of the kind in which Lord Salisbury later indulged.
This places peculiar weight on the psychological observations of his critics. Though often piquant, they rarely knew him well and had agendas and prejudices of which they may not themselves have been aware. It was a commonplace that Peel was excessively ambitious; but as George Canning, John Prescott and almost every female minister since could testify, such claims are the common currency of politics when individuals attain positions thought to be above their station.
For Peel, the son of a cotton manufacturer, the charge was almost inevitable, though it sits uneasily with his return to the backbenches in ; his reluctance to dislodge the Whigs after ; and his conduct in Parliament after To say that a project is difficult, however, is no argument against making the attempt.
Though there is little that will be wholly new to scholars, Gaunt synthesises an impressive array of secondary material and offers some imaginative research of his own. The text is interspersed with cartoons and images of Peel, and Gaunt makes especially good use of poetry.
The hatred inspired by Catholic emancipation, or the veneration of Peel after his death, may be better illustrated in popular ballads than in pamphlets or scholarly literature. The five intervening chapters cover specific areas of policy: Ireland; currency and banking; the Home Office; the Conservative party; and the reform of the tariff.
Each is a sustained and closely argued essay in its own right, and there is only space here to summarise them. The subject of the following chapter, currency and banking, interested Peel rather more than most of his biographers; yet Gaunt argues persuasively for its importance.
Gaunt ably unpicks the rather contradictory assumptions bound up in this idea, noting that Peel won radical plaudits for consolidating the criminal law, but that the creation of the Metropolitan police force fostered a more authoritarian image.
Peel, he notes, had never represented a genuinely large or populous constituency himself and had been bred in a political environment where a government enjoying the confidence of the crown and the patronage of the Treasury was almost guaranteed a working majority in the House of Commons.
Indeed, with his revolutionary preoccupations and horror of popular violence, Peel may even have exaggerated the transformative effects of the Reform Bill. This undoubtedly stored up trouble with the Conservative backbenches, but it was neither backward looking nor complacent.
The final essay covers tariff reform and repeal of the corn laws. This was neither true nor politic, for it nourished a sense of betrayal among those who had supported his earlier changes. Repeal, it was asserted, had saved the aristocracy and prevented a social convulsion, by stripping away the one grievance that could have mobilised protest.
As The Times noted, repeal had not abolished poor harvests but it had broken the connecting link between food shortages and class government. There are, inevitably, some minor errors.
Yet few books are free of the odd mistake, and the general standard of accuracy is high. John-Stevas 15 vols, London, —86iv, p.Two years after the death of Sir Robert Peel in , Walter Bagehot asked his readers ‘Was there ever such a dull man?
Can any one, without horror, foresee the reading of his memoirs?’(1) This was by no means a rhetorical question, for Peel had prepared three volumes of reminiscences to be. Sir Robert Peel provides an accessible and concise introduction to the life and career of one of the most political leaders of the nineteenth century.
Perhaps best known for seeing through the Repeal of the Corn Laws, Peel had an enormous impact on political life of his age and beyond/5(3). Sir Robert Peel Essay Examples. 5 total results. 1, words. 4 pages. The Political Influence of Sir Robert Peel.
words. 1 page. The Impact of Statesmanship Character of Sir Robert Peel on His Political Career. 2, words. 6 pages. The Basic Facts and Truth About the Police.
words. 2 .
Criminal Justice Law International. Global Justice Tools for Students & Professionals Worldwide. Search for: How Sir Robert Peel Influenced Police History Police posts were often granted because of political contributions, family connections, and other such reasons.
Alternative Titles: Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet Sir Robert Peel, in full Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, (born February 5, , Bury, Lancashire, England—died July 2, , London), British prime minister (–35, –46) and founder of the Conservative Party.
The argument that Peel's fundamental lack of social policy shows where his priorities as a politician were, with economic matters. Peel would argue that he wanted to tackle the 'social threat' by improving the economic situation for everyone.
|Robert Peel | Revolvy||They have been struck with the change of life, with the doubt on things now certain, the belief in things now incredible, the oblivion of what now seems most important, the strained attention to departed detail, which characterise the mouldering leaves.|
|See a Problem?||His father was one of the richest textile manufacturers of the early Industrial Revolution.|
|Sir Robert Peel – Criminal Justice Law International||Scotland Yard and more… Rather than careful construction, modern policing developed largely as the needs of society dictated.|
|Sir Robert Peel: Statesmanship, Power and Party - Eric J. Evans - Google Books||Peel was the presiding genius of a powerful administration, strictly supervising the business of each separate branch of government; nevertheless, a substantial section of the squirearchy rebelled, roused by the brilliant speeches of a young politician, Benjamin Disraeli, who in… Early political career He was the eldest son of a wealthy cotton manufacturer, Robert Peel —who was made a baronet by William Pitt the Younger. As an able government supporter, Peel received appointment as undersecretary for war and colonies in|
|Sir Robert Peel Facts||Having created the London Metropolitan Police inhe is regarded as the father of modern policing. He was one of the founders of the modern Conservative Party in the UK.|