Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. In order to create the desired effect and instill terror among his readers, Orwell wove a powerful story that can be lauded as a literary masterpiece.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
The Dangers of Totalitarianism is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers in the West of the dangers of totalitarian government. Having witnessed firsthand the horrific lengths to which totalitarian governments in Spain and Russia would go in order to sustain and increase their power, Orwell designed to sound the alarm in Western nations still unsure about how to approach the rise of communism.
Inthe Cold War had not yet escalated, many American intellectuals supported communism, and the state of diplomacy between democratic and communist nations was highly ambiguous.
In the American press, the Soviet Union was often portrayed as a great moral experiment. Orwell, however, was deeply disturbed by the widespread cruelties and oppressions he observed in communist countries, and seems to have been particularly concerned by the role of technology in enabling oppressive governments to monitor and control their citizens.
InOrwell portrays the perfect totalitarian society, the most extreme realization imaginable of a modern-day government with absolute power.
The title of the novel was meant to indicate to its readers in that the story represented a real possibility for the near future: Orwell portrays a state in which government monitors and controls every aspect of human life to the extent that even having a disloyal thought is against the law.
The Party undermines family structure by inducting children into an organization called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party.
The Party also forces individuals to suppress their sexual desires, treating sex as merely a procreative duty whose end is the creation of new Party members. Many of these enemies have been invented by the Party expressly for this purpose. Physical Control In addition to manipulating their minds, the Party also controls the bodies of its subjects.
The Party constantly watches for any sign of disloyalty, to the point that, as Winston observes, even a tiny facial twitch could lead to an arrest.
The Party forces its members to undergo mass morning exercises called the Physical Jerks, and then to work long, grueling days at government agencies, keeping people in a general state of exhaustion.
After being subjected to weeks of this intense treatment, Winston himself comes to the conclusion that nothing is more powerful than physical pain—no emotional loyalty or moral conviction can overcome it.
Control of Information and History The Party controls every source of information, managing and rewriting the content of all newspapers and histories for its own ends.
The Party does not allow individuals to keep records of their past, such as photographs or documents. As a result, memories become fuzzy and unreliable, and citizens become perfectly willing to believe whatever the Party tells them. By controlling the present, the Party is able to manipulate the past.
And in controlling the past, the Party can justify all of its actions in the present. Technology By means of telescreens and hidden microphones across the city, the Party is able to monitor its members almost all of the time.
Additionally, the Party employs complicated mechanisms was written in the era before computers to exert large-scale control on economic production and sources of information, and fearsome machinery to inflict torture upon those it deems enemies.George Orwell’s dystopian novel tells the story of a future society that is controlled by Big Brother and the Party in a country called Oceana.
The novel’s main character, Winston Smith. Significance of the Paperweight to the Novel “” by George Orwell Essay Sample. In the haunting novel , George Orwell effectively warns his readers about the dangers of totalitarianism and the horrific measures governments are willing to take in order to sustain power over its people.
James Boyle The Public Domain Enclosing the Commons of the Mind. Copyright © by James Boyle. The author has made this online version available under a Creative.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October – 30 November ) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early s.
To me, the paperweight is sort of symbolic of Winston's hopes and dreams and of his time together with Julia. Winston buys the paperweight early in the time that he is having the affair with Julia. In the haunting novel , George Orwell effectively warns his readers about the dangers of totalitarianism and the horrific measures governments are willing to .