These features represent the contributions of scholars of many generations and countries, as does the ongoing attempt to correct for corruption.
The following highly contrived Old English sentence provides similar examples of gender agreement. Modern English gloss That broad shield was good and I her loved. Modern English translation That broad shield was good and I loved it.
The word hire "her" refers to lind "shield". Old English had three genders, masculine, feminine and neuter, but gender inflections like many other types of inflection in English were later greatly simplified by sound changesand then completely lost.
In modern English, by contrast, the noun shield takes the neuter pronoun it, because it designates a sexless object. In a sense, the neuter gender has grown to encompass most nouns, including many that were masculine or feminine in Old English.
If one were to replace the phrase "broad shield" above with brave man or brave woman, the only change to the rest of the sentence would be in the pronoun at the end, which would become him or her respectively. Gender assignment[ edit ] In the French language, countries can have masculine green or feminine purple Platos symposium the process of love.
Except for certain islands and Mexique, Mozambique, Cambodge and Zimbabwe, the gender depends on whether the country name ends in -e. In the Polish language, countries can have masculine bluefeminine red or neuter yellow names.
Countries with plural names are green. Gender in European languages. Standard Dutch has a three-gender structure, which fell in disuse in the North of the Netherlands but remains very much alive in Flanders and the South of the Netherlands.
There are three main ways by which natural languages categorize nouns into genders: In most languages that have grammatical gender, a combination of these three types of criteria is found, although one type may be more prevalent.
Strict semantic criteria[ edit ] In some languages, the gender of a noun is directly determined by its physical attributes sex, animacy, etc. There are relatively few such languages. The Dravidian languages use this system as described below. Another example is the Dizi languagewhich has two asymmetrical genders.
The feminine includes all living beings of female sex e. In this language, feminine nouns are always marked with -e or -in. Gender is only marked in personal pronouns.
Standard English pronouns see below are very similar in this respect, although the English gendered pronouns he, she are used for domestic animals if the sex of the animal is known, and sometimes for certain objects such as ships,  e. She or it sank.
Many have a round shape or can be explained by the role they play in mythology. Masculine nouns include male animates, most fish, trees, the moon, large wooden objects, most living beings and some religious items. Feminine nouns include female animates, three types of fish, some plants, the sun and other heavenly objects, some body parts and skin diseases, the soul, and some religious items.
Words for part of a whole, as well as most other nouns that do not fall into any of the aforementioned classes, are neuter. The gender assignment of non-sex-differentiable things is complex.
In general, those of no importance to the Kets are feminine, whereas objects of importance e. Mythology is again a significant factor. However, the masculine also includes things which are tall or long and slender, or narrow e. Correlation between gender and the form of a noun[ edit ] In many other languages, nouns are assigned to gender largely without any semantic basis — that is, not based on any feature such as animacy or sex of the person or thing that a noun represents.
However, in many languages there may be a correlation, to a greater or lesser degree, between gender and the form of a noun such as the letter or syllable with which it ends. For example, in Portuguese and Spanishnouns that end in -o or a consonant are mostly masculine, whereas those that end in -a are mostly feminine, regardless of their meaning.
Nouns that end in some other vowel are assigned a gender either according to etymologyby analogy, or by some other convention.The Nature of Love Explored in Plato’s Symposium - The Nature of Love Explored in Plato’s Symposium In classical Greek literature the subject of love is commonly a prominent theme.
However, throughout these varied texts the subject of Love becomes a multi-faceted being. Plato’s Symposium is a series of speeches on Love given at a party in ancient Greece.
They deal with questions of: what Love is; interpersonal relationships through love; what types of love are worthy of praise; the purpose of love; and others. Plato is one of the world's best known and most widely read and studied philosophers.
He was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, and he wrote in the middle of the fourth century B.C.E. in ancient Greece. Though influenced primarily by Socrates, to the extent that Socrates is.
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A short summary of Plato's The Symposium. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Symposium. Welcome to the new SparkNotes! Your book-smartest friend just got a makeover.
that each person should in turn make a speech in praise of the god of Love. - Plato's Symposium Plato's metaphor of the divided line is essentially two worlds; the world of opinion (the physical world or the world of becoming/existence) and the world of knowledge (the world of knowledge or the world of being/essence).
This concept is key to the context of The Symposium: Love.