In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza the only wonder from the original list still standingthe statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes a new gigantic, version of which is being built todayand others were among the occupants of the list. In fact, it is not a single wonder, but a whole list of them, but they all revolve around one question:
British, Britannic Orientation Identification. The name of the country and the term "English" derive from the Old English word for one of the three Germanic peoples that invaded the British Isles in the fifth century C. Englishness is highly regionalized. The most important regional divide is between the south and the north.
The south, chiefly represented by the regions of the southeast, southwest, East Anglia, and the Midlands, now contains the economically most dynamic sectors of the country, including the City the chief financial center of the United Kingdom and the seat of the national government, both in London.
The north, the cradle of industrialization and the site of traditional smokestack industries, includes Yorkshire, Lancashire, Northumberland, Cumbria, Durham, Merseyside, and Cheshire.
Especially in the last decades of the twentieth century, the north has experienced deindustrialization, severe economic hardship, and cultural balkanization. England is also a culture of many smaller regionalisms, still centered on the old governmental unit of the county and the local villages and towns.
Local products, such as ale, and regional rituals and art forms, such as Morris dancing and folk music, many of which date back to the preindustrial era, allow people to shape their attachments to their communities and the nation.
Merged with the north—south divide and regionalism are notions of working class, middle class, and upper class as well as rich versus poor. England's role as a destination for migration also has influenced conceptions of Englishness. Historically, the most prominent immigrant group has been the Irish, who came in two major waves in the modern era: Scots were present in England by the s and settled in England in large numbers during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, often for economic reasons.
Welsh in-migration came to prominence when deindustrialization began in Wales in the s.
This inmigration has brought the so-called Celtic fringe into English culture in a host of ways. The loss of Britain's colonies has brought Afro-Caribbeans, Bangladeshis, Pakistanis, Indians, and migrants from northwestern and eastern Africa in significant numbers.
Judgments of whether England's newcomers feel themselves to be "English" vary by group and even by individual. England covers 50, square milessquare kilometers of the main island of the British Isles and lies off the northwestern coast of Europe, separated from the mainland by the English Channel.
The Gulf Stream makes the climate mild and rainy. The country is also divided into a highland zone and a lowland zone along a line from the mouth of the River Exe in the southwest to the mouth of the River Tees in the northeast. The highland zone's soil is poor and rocky, mainly suitable for raising livestock, but in the lowlands the land is flatter, the soil is fertile, and there are many navigable rivers.
As a result of its favorable topography, the lowland region has always had the majority of the population, supported most agriculture and trade, and had the largest cities including the capital, London.
The highland zone did not develop rapidly until the nineteenth century, when its coal and iron deposits allowed it to surge to prominence in the industrial revolution; England its communities struggle in England's postindustrial era.
The population was The estimated nonwhite proportion of the population for that year was 7. Celtic in-migrations continues to be a major influence. These migrations are often urban in focus and tend to cluster in particular districts like London and Merseyside.
The second important shift in demography from an ethnic standpoint is related to the end of the British Empire. Beginning in the s, peoples from the Indian subcontinent and the Caribbean began to immigrate to England, taking advantage of the British Nationality Act, which established that all Commonwealth citizens enjoyed British citizenship.
Between andthe number of nonwhites in England, Scotland, and Wales rose from 2. In that same period Great Britain grew by just 5. European, Mediterranean, and East Asian immigrants have been part of the cultural landscape since the Middle Ages, when the Jewish community came to prominence and Flemish clothworkers began arriving.
Immigrants to England in particular have been drawn there by the creation of a Common Market in Western Europe and the ending of restrictions on the movement of eastern Europeans. The primary language since the sixteenth century has been some version of English.
English, however, is an amalgam of languages brought to the British Isles by invasions that began before written history. The Celts made Gaelic the dominant language until the Romans invaded in 55 and 54 B. The arrival of Christianity in allowed English to interact with Latin as well as with Greek, Hebrew, and languages as distant as Chinese.
Viking invasions a few centuries later brought Scandinavian languages to the British Isles, while the Norman invasion in introduced French. Gradually, all levels of society adopted English, which had largely supplanted Latin and French in the second half of the fifteenth century.
This divide between the East Midland dialect and all others emerged between the fourteenth and nineteenth centuries when those speaking with a "proper" or "posh" accent separated themselves from those speaking "Cockney" or working-class English.Socialization perpetuates culture so therefore individuals are affected by socialization and culture in one way or the other.
By definition, culture is a set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution, organization, or group (MacNeill, ).
It is the key to understanding how we relate to each other. All the latest news, reviews, pictures and video on culture, the arts and entertainment. Essay on How Family Life Has Changed in Britain - How family life has changed in Britain Different people have different views about what family really is.
The Oxford dictionary defines family as “a group consisting of two parents and their children all living together as a unit”. Changes to the Family Culture Britain Essay Words | 10 Pages to start firstly, by looking at how the family was in the years of the industrial revolution and how education was shaped and changed in .
Changes to the Family Culture Britain Essay Words | 10 Pages to start firstly, by looking at how the family was in the years of the industrial revolution and how education was shaped and changed in this period.
RACE, CULTURE, AND EQUALITY 1 by Thomas Sowell. During the 15 years that I spent researching and writing my recently completed trilogy on racial and cultural issues, 2 I was struck again and again with how common huge disparities in income and wealth have been for centuries, in countries around the world-- and yet how each country regards its own particular disparities as unusual, if not unique.