Canadian trade history

European colonization of the Americas There are reports of contact made before the voyages of Christopher Columbus and the age of discovery between First NationsInuit and those from other continents.

Canadian trade history

The name Canada is derived from the Iroquoian word kanata, which means village. Canada is located in the northern portion of the continent of North America, extending, in general, from the 49th parallel northward to the islands of the Arctic Ocean. Its eastern and western boundaries are the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans respectively.

Its land area totals 3, square miles 9, square kilometers. The easternmost portion of the country is a riverine and maritime environment, consisting of the provinces of Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick. The central portion of the country, in its southern areas, is primarily boreal forest the provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

This forest region extends across the entire country from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains through to the Atlantic Canadian trade history, and is dominated by coniferous trees.

A section of the country westward from the Great Lakes basin along the southern extent of this forest region is a prairie made up mostly of flat grasslands in the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

The westernmost portion of the country is dominated by the Rocky Mountains, with a narrow riverine environment, made up of northern rain forests, west of the mountains in the province of British Columbia.

Between the southern Carolinian forest of the central regions of the country lies a region in Ontario and Quebec characterized by numerous lakes and expanses of exposed rock known as the Canadian Shield, an area left exposed after the most recent glacial retreat.

Across the northernmost portion of the country from east to west lies a region dominated by tundra and finally at its most northern reach, an arctic eco-zone in northern Ontario and Quebec and in the territories of Nunavut, Northwest Territories, and the Yukon.

Canadian trade history

These variations have had important social and cultural effects. The largest segment of the population resides in the central Carolinian region, which has the richest and most varied agricultural land and, because the Great Lakes waterway system dominates the central portion of the country, is also where most of the major manufacturing is located.

The savanna or prairie region is more sparsely populated, with several large urban centers in a network across the region, which is dominated by grain farming, cattle and other livestock production, and more recently, oil and natural gas extraction.

The two coastal regions, which have some agricultural production, are best characterized by the dominance of port cities through which import and export goods move.

In the northern section of the center of the country, also sparsely populated, resource extraction of minerals and lumber, has predominated. The effect of this concentration of the population, employment, and productive power in the central region of the country has been the concentration of political power in this region, as well as the development over time of intense regional rivalries and disparities in quality of life.

Equally important, as employment in the center came to dominate gross national production, immigration has tended to flow into the center. This has created a diverse cultural mix in the central region of the country, while the prairie and the eastern maritime region have stabilized ethnically and culturally.

Canadian trade history

The consequence of these diverse geographies has been the development of a rhetoric of regional cultures: Prairie, Maritime, Central, and because of its special isolation, West Coast.

A final differentiation is between urban and rural.

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Local cultural identity is often marked by expressions of contrasting values in which rural residents characterize themselves as harder working, more honest, and more deeply committed to community cooperation, in contrast to urban dwellers Canada who are characterized by rural residents as greedy, dishonest, arrogant, and self-interested.

Urban dwellers express their own identities as more modern and forward looking, more sophisticated, and more liberal in their overall social values, and perceive rural residents as conservative, overdependent on outmoded traditions, unsophisticated, and simple minded.

This distinction is most explicit in Quebec, but also plays a key role in political, social, and cultural contentions in Ontario. The official population at the last census calculation, inwas 29,, an increase over the previous census in of about 6 percent in five years.

The previous five-year increase was almost 7 percent.

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There has been a slowing population increase in Canada over the last several decades, fueled in part by a decline in the crude birthrate. This slowing of growth has been offset somewhat by an increase in immigration over the last two decades of the twentieth century, coupled with a slowing of emigration.

Statistics Canada, the government Census management organization, is projecting a population increase of as much as 8 percent between andmostly through increased immigration.CAFTA is the voice of Canadian agri-food exporters CAFTA is a coalition of national organizations that support a more open and fair international trading environment for agriculture and agri-food.

Representing the 90% of farmers who depend on trade and ranchers, producers, processors and agri-food exporters who want to grow the economy through better access to [ ]. A Canadian History Podcast for Everyone! Podcast: Play in new window | Download (Duration: — MB) Subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Email | RSS | More The Days Campaign brought about the collapse of the German army on the Western Front and was a .

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Innis The Fur Trade in Canada: An Introduction to Canadian Economic History in pdf form, then you have come on to the faithful site. Canadian Pacific Railway offers transportation services and supply chain expertise with access to 8 major ports & key markets across North America.

Oversight Committee. Lori-Jo Graham, Alberta Agriculture and Forestry Russ Crawford, Canadian Hemp Trade Alliance Alan Hall, Alberta Crop Industry Development Fund Ltd.

History of Canada - Wikipedia