An introduction to the history of the civil rights bill

Loevy Excerpted from David C. Kozak and Kenneth N. Nelson Hall,pp.

An introduction to the history of the civil rights bill

Loevy Excerpted from David C. Kozak and Kenneth N. Nelson Hall,pp. The Civil Rights Act of was considered an historic breakthrough because it was the first major civil rights bill to get through Congress in the 20th Century.

The new law was badly watered down, however, to meet the criticisms of southern Democrats in the Senate.

An introduction to the history of the civil rights bill

The law thus had little or no effect on racial segregation in the United States. A Civil Rights Act, equally watered-down to meet southern requirements, was regarded as equally ineffectual. On February 28,President John F. Kennedy sent Congress a strong message on the immediate need for civil rights legislation: President Kennedy limited his recommendations to minor improvements in voting rights laws none of which were very effective in the Southtechnical assistance to school districts desegregating voluntarily, and an extension of the Civil Rights Commission, a government body which could study civil rights problems but had no power to remedy them.

His sense of timing told him he could not overcome the legislative roadblocks in the way of civil rights legislation, and defeat, no matter how gallant, had no appeal for him.

The Southern Civil Rights "Veto" The obstacles to passing a civil rights bill were truly formidable in early In the House of Representatives, regular legislative committees such as the House Judiciary Committee do not report bills directly to the House floor for a vote.

Because debate is limited in the House of Representatives, committee bills first go to the House Rules Committee, where the length of time the bill will be debated and the manner in which the bill will be debated is decided. Many bills that make it through the regular committees, however, often are not reported out of the Rules Committee at all, and usually when this happens the particular bill is dead for the remainder of that session of Congress.

Smith was ardently opposed to all civil rights legislation, and it was clear he would use his powers as chairman of the Rules Committee to delay any civil rights bill as long as possible. Over in the Senate, the situation was even more difficult.

The chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee was James 0. Eastland, a Democrat from Mississippi and, as one would expect, a staunch opponent of civil rights. Eastland had used his powers as judiciary Committee chairman to kill more than one hundred proposed civil rights bills throughout the late s and early s.

If Democrat Kennedy wanted a civil rights bin, he would have to find a way around Democrat Eastland and his Judiciary Committee. The big obstacle to a civil rights bill in the Senate, however, was the filibuster.The Bill of Rights was in force for nearly years before Congress granted Native Americans U.S.

U.S. Senate: Civil Rights Act of it was well understood that there was a "race exception" to the Constitution. Slavery was this country's original sin.

Jan 04,  · Watch video · The Civil Rights Act of , which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the. Introduction: A Brief Legislative History of the Civil Rights Act of The purpose of this introduction is twofold: to offer a peek at what the other authors say in their respective chapters, and to weave that into a history of never included in the omnibus civil rights bill.

3. U.S. , S. Ct. (). I. HUMAN RIGHTS -- WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS? and Political Rights nationwidesecretarial.comic, Social, and Cultural Rights nationwidesecretarial.comrity. II. HISTORY -- WHY ARE HUMAN RIGHTS SO IMPORTANT? in Natural Law .

The Civil Rights Act of (Pub.L. 88–, 78 Stat. , enacted July 2, ) is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national nationwidesecretarial.comd by: the 88th United States Congress. Introduction.

The civil rights movement was a movement in the United States in the s to the s and mainly led by Blacks in an effort to establish gender and racial equality for all the African Americans.

Civil Rights Act of - HISTORY