Addiction to social networks on the internet a literature review of empirical research

Such interactions across cultures often times can be difficult even in the best of situations. In many cultures, what is considered acceptable interactions in one culture often times translates as inappropriate and rude interaction in another culture. A review of the literature demonstrates there is no culturally acceptable standardized practice protocol for Advanced Practice Registered Nurse to disseminate such information to their patients. An expanded role in nursing is emerging globally in response to the need to increase human resources to achieve Universal Health Coverage UHC.

Addiction to social networks on the internet a literature review of empirical research

Social factors[ edit ] Interpersonal difficulties It is argued that interpersonal difficulties such as introversion, social problems, [58] and poor face-to-face communication skills, [59] often lead to internet addiction. Internet-based relationships offer a safe alternative for people with aforementioned difficulties to escape from the potential rejections and anxieties of interpersonal real-life contact.

They resort to virtual relationships and support to alleviate their loneliness. Psychological factors[ edit ] Prior addictive or psychiatric history are found to influence the likelihood of being addicted to the Internet.

But it is generally unclear from existing research which is the cause and which is the effect partially due to the fact that comorbidity is common among Internet addicts. Internet addicts with no previous significant addictive or psychiatric history are argued to develop an addiction to the some of the features of Internet use: For a systematic review of the kind, please refer to the Springer book edited by Christian Montag and Martin Reuter: Other factors[ edit ] Parental educational level, age at first use of the Internet, and the frequency of using social networking sites and gaming sites are found to be positively associated with excessive Internet use among adolescents in some European countries, as well as in the USA.

In their study, adolescents who were addicted had "lower gray matter volume in left orbitofrontal cortex, left medial prefrontal cortex, bilateral insula, left posterior cingulate cortex, and left supplementary motor area. According to experts, if children are constantly stimulated by smartphones during infancy period, their brain will struggle to balance growth and the risk of Internet addiction.

A mother, tired of playing online games, killed her 3-year-old son. A couple, obsessed with online child-raising games, left their young daughter die of malnutrition. A year-old teenager killed his mother for not letting himself play online games and then committed suicide.

Another addict killed one and injured seven others. In the absence of "methodologically adequate research", treatment programs are not well corroborated. Identify, challenge, and modify the rationalizations that justify excessive Internet use; Harm reduction therapy to address co-morbid issues: Address any co-morbid factors associated with Internet addiction, sustain recovery, and prevent relapse.

Motivational Interviewing The motivational interviewing approach is developed based on therapies for alcohol abusers.

Other psychosocial treatment therapies include reality therapy, Naikan cognitive psychotherapy, group therapy, family therapy, and multimodal psychotherapy.

One study also suggests that desires exhibited in online gaming addiction IGD might have the same neurobiological mechanism as that of substance dependence. Among them, the most notable is the "special training camp" which combines military training, physical training, and psychological rehabilitation training.

They rode horses, practiced fight, made pottery, and even played drums. No Internet access during the camp, only one hour of mobile phone every day and no game. In addition to learning how to ride a horse, the Internet addiction teenagers also accept a variety of professional advisory services.

Several successful cases have been noted by the news since the inception of equine therapy. The association plans to expand 30 more centers around the country by to meet growing demand for Internet addiction treatment.

Patients in the treatment camp have to follow a strict, semi-military training. In their strictly designed training schedule time 6: Various other legal and illegal camps have emerged in the recent decades in reaction to the dramatically increased Internet-addicted adolescents.

And when parents resort to camps, no further consent from their kids are needed. The downsides to this treatment include its exclusivity and price. Against will[ edit ] One of the most commonly resorted treatments for Internet-addicted adolescents in China is inpatient care, either in a legal or illegal camp.

It is reported that many kids were sent to "correction" against their will. Some kids are seized and tied by staffs of the camp, some are drugged by their parents, and some are tricked into treatment. The types of corporal punishment practiced include, but not limited to, kilometers-long hikes, intense squats, standing, starving, and confinement.

Among Internet addiction rehab centers that use corporal punishment in treatment, Yuzhang Academy in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, is the most heavily discussed. Inthe Academy was accused of using severe corporal punishment against students, the majority of which are Internet addicts.

Former students claimed that the Academy hit problematic students with iron rulers, "whip them with finger-thick steel cables", and lock students in small cells week long. Its off-label practices in treating adolescent Internet addicts has raised great public concern and stigmatized the legal use of ECT.

As part of the therapy, electroconvulsive therapy is implemented with currents of milliampere. The machine was, later on, revealed to be illegal, inapplicable to minor [] [] and can cause great pain and muscle spasm to recipients. Since neither the safety nor the effectiveness of the method was clear, the Chinese Ministry of Health banned electroconvulsive therapy in treating Internet addiction disorder in 🔥Citing and more!

Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Internet addiction disorder (IAD), also known as problematic Internet use or pathological Internet use, is excessive Internet use that interferes with daily life.

Addiction to social networks on the internet a literature review of empirical research

Addiction, defined by Webster Dictionary as a "compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal", was traditionally used to depict a person. Zone’in Fact Sheet. A research review regarding the impact of technology on child development, behavior, and academic performance.

Infants watch hours per day of TV, children use and teens 9 hours per day of entertainment technologies (cell phone, TV, internet). Evelyn D. Markwei, Lecturer, School of Information and Communications Studies, University of Ghana,. Doreen Appiah, Principal Technologist, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Institute for Scientific and Technological Information.

Markwei, Evelyn D. and Doreen Appiah. The Impact of Social Media on Ghanaian Youth: A Case Study of the Nima and Maamobi Communities in Accra, Ghana. Learning Objectives. This is an Intermediate Level course. After taking this course, mental health professionals will be able to: Describe how planning treatment to address substance use disorders and concerns can be a collaborative intervention.

Learning Objectives. This is an Intermediate Level course. After taking this course, mental health professionals will be able to: Describe how planning treatment to address substance use disorders and concerns can be a collaborative intervention.

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